This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. Most of these plants are poisonous, especially the unripe fruits. Several kinds of nightshade have been used in the production of herbal medicines. nightshade, common name for the Solanaceae, a family of herbs, shrubs, and a few trees of warm regions, chiefly tropical America. Its derivation is uncertain, possibly stemming from the Latin word sol, meaning "sun", referring to its status as a plant of the sun. Why this might not be Nightshade: 1. From Middle English nyȝtschade, niȝteschode, nyght shade, from Old English nihtsċada, corresponding to night +‎ shade.Compare German Nachtschatten. Updates? solanum. The term nightshade is often associated with poisonous species, though the genus also contains a number of economically important food crops, including tomato ( Solanum lycopersicum ), potato ( S. tuberosum ), and eggplant ( S. melongena ). Belladonna or deadly nightshade, Atropa belladonna. It is native to Europe, North Africa, and Western Asia. ( səʊˈleɪnəm) n. (Plants) any tree, shrub, or herbaceous plant of the mainly tropical solanaceous genus Solanum: includes the potato, aubergine, and … To cite a particularly ludicrous example -the poisonous Deadly, South Americans have developed a wide variety of local names for this plant, but it was the French botanist Michel Felix Dunal who first described the Litchi tomato scientifically, hence the common French name Morelle de Balbis (morelle is a French word for a, LEGEND has it that Italian ladies used drops made from the Deadly, Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, the webmaster's page for free fun content, Medieval plants provide amazing link to the past, The medicine that contains nothing at all, Litchi tomato: this thorny, cherry-like tomato cousin is easy to grow and has a wide range of culinary uses, Sounds like a winner; Nissan Qashqai Sound & Style. In fact, some of the more well known plants in this family include ornamentals such as Belladonna (deadly nightshade), Datura and Brugmansia (Angels trumpet), and Nicotiana (tobacco plant) all of which include poisonous properties that can cause anything from skin irritation, rapid heartbeat and hallucinations to seizur… Nightshade is usually very toxic/poisonous, so don't eat any part of the plant; including the leaves, fruits, and vine parts. Deadly Nightshade is a part of the Solanacae family of flowering plants which includes tomatoes, potatoes, eggplants and more, and can be found growing throughout most of the northern hemisphere. No matter how busy your week has been, there is always thyme in the day to test your knowledge on all things green. Solanum and other genera, family Solanaceae (the nightshade family): several species, including the European woody nightshade (S. dulcamara), a climber with purple flowers and red berries. Any of the poisonous plants belonging to the genus Solanum, especially black nightshade or woody nightshade.. Any plant … It is of a cold nature; in some it causeth sleep; in others madness, and, shortly after, death.— Culpeper’s Complete Herbal Belladonna, also known to us as deadly nightshade, is one of those exotic, fascinating plants that fascinate plants that gets attention. Its foliage and egg-shaped red berries are poisonous, the active principle being solanine, which can cause convulsions and death if taken in large doses. Black nightshade definition: a poisonous solanaceous plant, Solanum nigrum , a common weed in cultivated land, having... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Enchanter’s nightshade is a name applied to plants of the genus Circaea (family Onagraceae). Three berries of a Deadly Nightshade plant has been fatal for a child and one leave is enough is enough to kill an adult. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Garden huckleberries, which aren’t in the same plant family as huckleberries, are another example. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/nightshade, University of Nebraska–Lincoln Extension - CropWatch - Nightshade, nightshade - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), nightshade - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). from The Century Dictionary. Omissions? Well the images and ideals surrounding Nightshade Plants may not be that far off from the truth. Corrections? translation and definition "nightshade", Dictionary English-English online. (any solanaceae) Nightshade vegetables are part of the plant family Solanaceae.Some species are toxic, including the belladonna plant, which is also called deadly nightshade. (poisonous plant: belladonna) belladona nf nombre femenino: Sustantivo de género exclusivamente femenino, que lleva los artículos la o una en singular, y las o unas en plural. Some diets shun nightshade vegetables (like tomatoes, potatoes, eggplant and bell peppers), but research hasn't concluded that they're harmful. The species most commonly called nightshade in North America and Britain is Solanum dulcamara, also called bittersweet or woody nightshade. Nightshade vegetables refer to a group of 2,800 plant species that belong to the Solanacea family. Nightshade, (genus Solanum), genus of about 2,300 species of flowering plants in the nightshade family (Solanaceae). The species usually called nightshade in North America and the United Kingdom is S. dulcamara, also known as bittersweet and woody nightshade. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. Nightshade definition is - any of a genus (Solanum of the family Solanaceae, the nightshade family) of herbs, shrubs, and trees having alternate leaves, cymose flowers, and fruits that are berries and including some poisonous weeds, various ornamentals, and important … deadly nightshade meaning: 1. a very poisonous plant with small, black, shiny fruits, that grows in Europe, North Africa, and…. Nightshade foods are fruits and vegetables that are members of the Solanaceae family of plants. Malabar nightshade, also known as Malabar spinach, refers to twining herbaceous vines of the genus Basella (family Basellaceae). The list of nightshades includes fruits and vegetables such as tomatoes, potatoes (but not sweet potatoes), eggplant, bell peppers, and goji berries. The roots are generally the most toxic part of the plant. The true mandrakes are of the genus Mandragora (especially M. Deadly nightshade belongs in the Garden of Eden on appearances alone. noun Solanum aculeatisdmum, a shrubby and prickly species with yellow berries found from North Carolina to Florida and west to Texas. Exemplos: la mesa, una tabla. They offer the body a variety of vitamins and minerals but can also cause pain in certain individuals. Atropa Belladonna. The flowers have five petals that are often fused. The black nightshade (S. nigrum) is also generally considered poisonous, but its fully ripened fruit and foliage are cooked and eaten in some areas. Learn more. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... No need to romaine calm—it’s the plant quiz you’ve been waiting for! nightshade n noun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. en.wiktionary.org. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. NIGHTSHADE Meaning: "plant of the genus solanum," with white flowers and black poisonous berries, Middle English… See definitions of nightshade. Nightshades. Deadly nightshade was said to be the property of the Devil, meaning that anyone who eats the berries is punished for eating his fruit. The fruit is a berry. Nightshade family definition, the plant family Solanaceae, characterized by herbaceous plants, trees, shrubs, and vines having alternate, simple or pinnate leaves, conspicuous flowers, and fruit in the form of a berry or capsule, and including belladonna, eggplant, nightshade, peppers of the genus Capsicum, petunia, potato, tobacco, and tomato. 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