You can be signed in via any or all of the methods shown below at the same time. Besides, 34% were civil servants, 18% were self-employed, 14% were retirees, and 15% were not in any paid employment, whereas 12% were house wives. Diabetes Education: Health Belief Model. These concepts were proposed to account for people’s “readiness to act.” An added concept, cues to action, would activate that readiness and stimulate overt behavior, while the concept of self-efficacy, or one’s confidence is the ability to successfully perform an action. This result supports Adejoh’s (2011) claim that, among the Igala, there is a strong belief in Igala medicine in curing all kinds of diseases. World Health Organization (2004) estimated that there were 1.71 million people living with diabetes in Nigeria and the figure was projected to reach 4.94 million by the year 2030. .Rull-Rodrigo, J. In this section, you will find the following: 1. According to the Health Belief Model, perceived severity and perceived susceptibility, defined as an individual's subjective perception of risk of developing a disease or a condition, is a key factor in predicting whether a person will adopt healthy behaviors to reduce that risk. Sign in here to access free tools such as favourites and alerts, or to access personal subscriptions, If you have access to journal content via a university, library or employer, sign in here, Research off-campus without worrying about access issues. This could have implications for how a person will manage his or her condition. Please check you selected the correct society from the list and entered the user name and password you use to log in to your society website. A., Mullen, P. D., Green, L. W. (, Jabbar, A., Contractor, Z., Ebrahim, M. A., Moahmood, K. (, Kamal, A., Biessels, G. J., Duis, S. E. J., Gispen, W. H. (, Lorig, K., Steward, A., Ritter, P., Gonzalez, V., Luarent, D., Lynch, J. (, Brownlee-Duffeck, M., Peterson, L., Simonds, J. F., Goldstein, D., Kilo, C., Hoette, S. (, Chinenye, S., Uloko, A. E., Ogbera, A. O., Ofoegbu, E. N., Fasanmade, O. On the issue of exercises, 46% did not know the effects of exercises on individuals. It includes practices that must be carried out by the patients themselves. Higher scores indicated the ability of the patient to control his or her diabetes. For more information view the SAGE Journals Sharing page. Simply select your manager software from the list below and click on download. Автор: Serj на 04:01. (1983), on perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits, and perceived barriers, to measure the beliefs of diabetic patients about their diabetes. The result shows that statistically there is no relationship between the aggregate health belief and diabetes management. GºæSÜá-Ík%ïãÜôaãæQbBÚ8~ëÙ!ê=tSÔõZ(RÄ +W<=܋OÍeJa¯yå6eÂTé*ÏUìp½p»È,ª‡ašãéT• 3}$`“»á:%iÉ-œx­VÕp€§L{¶…Ç,ù›eÅÞ*3[6î”$ߌ\§«»6µ_à¥T6¶Äµ‚†&ð@¥Ê|þ׶…Íüeà´¨Ûò„PNª¸òϾMèw×ó≋‚sœV+—ÿ±¹Øë%Lç+ˆöÊåÐÛ؇ëÜvzò5'¦—0/½t›òÇ׃Šè¾ðq¯èªú—+—ezü.ÎÃË©dÓ.¯¾è@–áÞ¦Þòq—…yڅÌ%Ë££½®R¿¨Sx–¯7~aœ.pMÁ¸ÞšÂØèÉÓÍ!äEºdH®|¼yöC¡‰ï>k-ûwk/îæęæÇa•Â÷• ÎË&YûSwSI¼ÄnMŠ äZ’0!þͶòʽ¸µèü5Æwû¤$°ˆÑÜUuh&{,ò$°RË]8$ßön6jß$²vS±úW€ Óh If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice. Percentage Distribution of Responses on Diabetes Knowledge Test. feeling high and low blood sugar) cues the individual associates with taking action. Table 3. The respondents were approached as they came in to see their doctors or to have a blood glucose test. Despite the tremendous success at improving the lives of those living with diabetes with technological breakthrough in biomedical sciences, the management of type 2 diabetes lies largely with those with diabetes. ƒ»C"füEá´PòL?DZYö]°®/´ˆì¡Úy›sJ/|2S¸ä]žË\×Üxlf{SےO‹ømڒÍ|5Óo7æzʼnƒ€û÷ y#)%NM˜ZÔDoé=/uœÔ¹Ôm¯UN;\—Iï¶÷ÂsbDžü?bW2L©_æ­cÐY&W»'%ö Ïé ™Ëǝ‰0.É}B輺‡y\„.×8Z®©ÃEˆ6ÉÜFÜ6¢Nu8–§þ»¥nkat“¾E9ÌE®.—7ƈ/Ò"så\ç;u›6ÜNæÑ?õÍÑþy…YÝö4(-íS)Ç[Ô*m“ÍñdGËdÂc65¡ù_°yöã"íO‹Œ(•#Ìïώ’õ½ŒvjÇî`Á€'FʽQˆÛ ¹ÛÒ3'$im³ Figure 3 shows how planners can use the health belief model to develop interventions to address obesity to avoid diabetes. Respondents’ Level of Diabetes Knowledge. (2008) that the acquisition of diabetes-related knowledge is not enough to increase compliance with diabetes treatment. Due to its high prevalence, diabetes is considered as a health problem worldwide (1). Samuel Ojima Adejoh lectures in the Department of Sociology, University of Lagos, Nigeria, at both the undergraduate and postgraduate levels. This particular model of diabetes education involves four different components. Besides, this report was limited to diabetes knowledge and health beliefs using HBM and so did not give room to examining cultural beliefs affecting diabetes management among the studied population. A further analysis in Table 6 shows that health belief (β = .07865, t = 2.439, p < .016) was found to have strong influence on diabetes management. This finding is supported by Glasgow, McCaul, and Schafer (1986), who avers that beliefs about treatment effectiveness appear to have an important influence on diabetes self-management. 7 Currently, 89% of the U.S. population perceives diabetes as a serious disease. View or download all content the institution has subscribed to. Therefore, this study was conducted to understand the association and influence of diabetes knowledge and health beliefs on diabetes management among the Igala in Kogi State, Nigeria. The chi-square result showed that there was no significant relationship between perceived barriers and diabetes management (p > .05). Agreement with each item was indicated on a 5-point scale ranging from 1 (strongly disagree) to 5 (strongly agree). Frederick Fennell, Mercury Records, and the Eastma... An Empirical Revision of the Definition of Science Fiction: It Is All ... Social Concern, Government Regulation, and Industry Self-Regulation: A... Al-Deagi, F. A., McElnay, J. C., Scott, M. G. (, Arndt, V., Stürmer, T., Stegmaier, C., Ziegler, H., Dhom, G., Brenner, H. (, Arseneau, D. L., Mason, A. C., Wood, O. The e-mail addresses that you supply to use this service will not be used for any other purpose without your consent. The respondents reported their belief of severity of their diabetes by rating how serious their diabetes will have bad effect on their future health (for instance, “my diabetes will cause me to be sick a lot”). According to Klepac (1996), individuals will not carry out a health-related behavior unless they have at least a minimal level of health motivation and knowledge, see themselves as vulnerable and the condition as threatening, are convinced of the health behavior efficacy, and find few barriers to the action. The first component is perceived benefits. Find out about Lean Library here, If you have access to journal via a society or associations, read the instructions below. Using the same method described above, participants’ responses were scored, ranked, and classified as good or poor and high or low. Okafor and Ofoegbu (2012) observed suboptimal glycemic, blood pressure control and dyslipidemia and overweight among subjects studied. As the findings show, perceived severity and perceived benefits were significantly related to diabetes management. The 7 items were directly from the University of Michigan DKT (2006) of 14 items but with modification, substituting the food items on the original DKT with the locally available food consumed in the study population. Objective While the prevalence of type 2 diabetes is growing, it is increasingly well recognized that treatment outcomes in primary care practice are often suboptimal. Understanding knowledge of diabetes and health beliefs may help in designing an effective intervention program for those living with diabetes. If people living with diabetes are to follow their physicians’ recommendations, it is imperative for the physicians to understand their knowledge of diabetes and health beliefs about diabetes and how these affect their following physicians’ recommendations. Manuscript content on this site is licensed under Creative Commons Licenses. This could be linked to the belief among the Igala that all diseases are curable using local herbs from competent herbalists. J5ÌÙ½³—fœ¡þsôNjȌƹef8Ü%‚eÑ0甯p(ê©ùÒ=•,¢|,è5MK5Œ9(”á˜H2Ô$ãžÑ‘Ø”–”RàÂ2Ï×÷ÇkÛÌÝÐ?Ž%¶¾äQBèŸÛÓ0œ£¯².Êg Evidence-based information on health belief models and adherence from hundreds of trustworthy sources for health and social care. However, it is hoped that the findings from this study will stimulate further studies on diabetes knowledge, health beliefs, and diabetes management in Nigeria, with particular focus on cultural beliefs in relation to diabetes health beliefs. Participants responded to four items about their perceived susceptibility to complications (such as “my diabetes would be worse if I did nothing about it”). Type 2 diabetes is a growing challenge [1] and Oman, a developing country, is experiencing an epidemic [2]. (1996) identify other components to include behavioral skills, cognitive problem-solving abilities, and a sense of efficacy in bringing these capabilities to bear to affect disease outcome. Nejad, Wertheim, and Greenwood (2005) found that the best predictors of weight loss were perceived susceptibility and perceived benefits, while perceived benefits of dieting and severity (a measure of how negatively weight gain is perceived) significantly predicted intention to diet. We examined these narratives within the framework of the health belief model and then engaged in emergent, thematic coding within each of the categories. About 57% knew how best to manage their feet, while 12% got it wrong on how to take care of the feet. The HBM has been applied to a broad range of health behaviors. 6. The aim of this study is to examine the extent to which treatment beliefs and health behaviors predict diabetes health outcome as measured by glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) level, blood pressure, and lipid profile. Many countries have also registered increased diagnosis of Type 1 diabetes, mostly among young children; and unfortunately, no known methods of prevention have been established for this health issue. Table 1 shows that 54% and 46% of those with low and high perceived barriers, respectively, had poor management status, whereas 46% and 59% of those with low and high perceived barriers to following recommendations had good management status. Table 1. The means of these ratings served as measures of perceived severity (M = 13.38, SD = 2.07). B., Green, S. E. (, Ayele, K., Tesfa, B., Abebe, L., Tilahun, T., Girma, E. (, Baumann, L. C., Opio, C. K., Otim, M., Olson, L., Ellison, S. (, Bautista-Martinez, S., Aguilar-Salinas, C. 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