Mature Height: 80-100′ height/3-4′ diameter. The Range of Eastern Cottonwood (U.S. Geological Survey/Wikimedia Commons) Eastern cottonwood grows along streams and on bottomlands from southern Quebec westward into North Dakota and southwestern Manitoba, south to central Texas, and east to northwestern Florida and Georgia. Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. Cottonwood is an easy tree to regenerate cuttings. deltoides. Stop by, email, or call. Its primary uses have included pallet lumber, boxes and crates, hidden furniture parts, and more recently for dimension lumber. Mature trees produce an ash- gray, blocky, thick bark with deep furrows and ridges. Wildlife Habitat Programs and Consultation, Alternate, simple, single toothed, triangle shaped. In the wild, cottonwood grows along rivers, ponds and other bodies of water. Seed Stratification: Seeds disperse in the spring and immediately germinate. Susceptible to a wide range of diseases including dieback, cankers, leaf spots, rusts and powdery mildew. Extremely fast growing, making it weak-wooded and brittle. The north-south distribution extends from latitude 28 N. to 46 N. The leaf petiole is 3 to 4 inches long and flatted. On December 24th our Public Skate session is FULL! Read on for more cottonwood tree facts. It also thrives in floodplains and dry riverbeds, where infrequent rains transform dry land into waterways. As a shade tree or landscape plant, cottonwood is not used extensively because it is not an extremely sturdy and durable tree. Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides) is the fastest growing and largest tree found in Iowa. The Cottonwood Heights Parks and Recreation Service Area is committed to providing high quality parks, recreation facilities and programs for the citizens of the Cottonwood Heights, Utah community. This tree is also an excellent specimen for … It is one of the tallest trees east of the Rocky Mountains and commonly reaches heights over 80+ feet and diameters over 5 feet at breast height in the Upper Mississippi River region. It’s a cherished shade tree, often planted in parks. They have lustrous, bright green foliage in summer that changes to brilliant yellow in fall. The fastest-growing commercial forest species in North America, Eastern cottonwood also is one of the tallest trees of eastern forests, reaching heights close to 200 feet and diameters of 4 to 6 feet. The ends of the twigs are usually covered with a brown balsam-scented resin. Noteworthy Characteristics Populus deltoides, commonly called eastern cottonwood, is a large, fast-growing, deciduous tree that typically grows 50-80’ (less frequently to 120’) tall with a broad, open-rounded shaped habit. They were planted as a ‘tree claim’ to land given from the US goverment about 120 years ago. It is native to eastern North America through the Midwest and Chicago region. Other massive 5 to 6-ft driver bottom specimens are not uncommon. Its preferred environment for rapid growth is the moist, well drained bottomland soils, but it will grow and do moderately well on a wide variety of sites from droughty uplands, to moderately wet soils. Eastern Cottonwood Fruit, Photo by Paul Wray, Iowa State University. Eastern cottonwood is a fast-growing tree (it grows 6 feet per year). The 2 to 5 inch long, simple, triangle-shaped, deciduous leaves have a toothed margin, and an elongated tip. From top level menus, use escape to exit the menu. Copyright © 2020 Iowa State University of Science and Technology. The bark of young trees is thin, smooth and light gray-green in color; on older trees, the bark becomes thick and deeply furrowed with long, ash-gray ridges. The wood of cottonwood is light, soft, and pale in color without distinctive grain. Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. Native to Iowa, cottonwoods grow naturally near water. Fast growing in ideal situations. The female trees can be messy, producing large quantities of seeds with white ‘fluff’ attached. -The native range of eastern cottonwood. Can become ragged and irregular with age. Secondary Names: Leaf Type: Deciduous Texas Native: Firewise: Tree Description: A large tree to 100 feet tall and a stout trunk to 6 feet or more in diameter, with thick, heavy branches that form a rounded, spreading crown. It is native to eastern North America through the Midwest region. Leaf buds are large, 1-inch long, reddish green and pointed. Description Many very big cottonwoods trees close to this one in size. Eastern poplars can grow up to heights of 200 feet. Eastern cottonwoods are dioecious, meaning trees are either male or female. Siouxland Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides 'Siouxland'):  A male cultivar (produces no seeds or 'cotton'); fast-growing (2 to 3 feet per year); resistant to rust; oval form, yellow fall color. Each seed produces a bit of fluff to aid in wind dispersal. Flowers are unremarkable; both are long catkins. Native to eastern North America through the Midwest and the Chicago Region, growing along streams, rivers, and lowland areas. Populus deltoides is a large tree growing to 20–60 m (65–195 ft) tall and with a trunk up to 2.8 m (9 ft 2 in) diameter, one of the largest North American hardwood trees. A towering native, a cottonwood tree soars and spreads, growing more than 100 feet tall and almost as wide. They are dark green above and a much paler green below. Well suited along streams, riverbanks, swamps and in lowland, rain gardens and rural areas. View listing photos, review sales history, and use our detailed real estate filters to find the perfect place. No stratification period is needed. Notes: Cottonwood grows best on moist, welldrained, fine sandy loams or silt loams. Female flowers are yellow. American Forests National Tree Register, Species: Eastern Cottonwood (Populus deltoides ssp. The largest specimen in Iowa is over 11 feet in diameter, 80 feet tall and more than 85 feet in width. Drought tolerant,  In various parts of its range, eastern cottonwood is subjected to temperatures as high as 46° C (115° F) and as low as -45° C (-50° F). The advantage of cottonwood for landscape or windbreaks is its fast growth rate. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. deltoides), State: KS. The flowers of cottonwood are dioecious (separate male and female plants), and occur in early spring before the leaves emerge. Due to its large size, weak wood, and penetrating roots, it is best used on large properties away from residential areas. Eastern Cottonwood Leaf - Photo by Paul Wray, Iowa State University. You can recognize them at a distance by their broad, white trunks. All rights reserved. These may either be gray or green in color. Eastern cottonwood is a large, fast-growing tree found growing along streams, rivers, and lowland areas. Due to its large size, weak wood, and penetrating roots, it is best used on large properties away from residential areas. Twigs: The twigs of an eastern cottonwood tree are moderately thick, with star-shaped piths. The following menu has 3 levels. More information about the Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides).Girth records In this table of girth records worldwide only girth measurements made at a height between 1.30 m and 1.50 m are listed. Leaves: Alternate, simple, single toothed, triangle shaped. Leaves are green in summer, turning yellow or brown in fall. Site Requirements: Cottonwoods are tolerant of a wide range of soil conditions. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. Eastern Cottonwood is a large, fast growing species native to North America. Produces suckers and aggressive roots. Climate. Trees are tolerant of drought and air pollution. Insect include borers, aphids, caterpillars and scale. Populus deltoides Bartr. Trees with multiple trunks are excluded. Alternate leaf arrangement. Our trees. Soil / Climate: Grows in most soils provided with adequate moisture and sunlight. If you want to achieve quick shade in a large open space, Eastern Cottonwood is a fine choice. The bark is silvery-white, smooth or lightly fissured when young, becoming dark gray and deeply fissured on old trees. Our future. Location Sheridan, KS Cottonwoods (Populus deltoids) are massive shade trees that grow naturally throughout the United States. For most shade or windbreak uses, select a male selection to avoid the cotton problem during seed production. Crown is oblong-shaped and 75 feet wide Eastern cottonwood has thick bark which prevents damage of the inner, delicate wood. Ames, IA 50011, Iowa State University | PoliciesState & National Extension Partners. It is the fastest-growing native tree in Missouri, reaching 50 feet in height and 8 inches in diameter in as little as 6 years under good conditions. Minnesota's champion tree cottonwood measures a whopping 10-ft diameter at breast height. The tree can have a trunk diameter of 6 feet, while the canopy can extend to more than 75 feet wide. C-Value: 2 This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. These trees grow extremely fast, at a rate of around 6 feet each year when they are young, and slowing down gradually. It is native to eastern North America through the Midwest and Chicago region. Eastern cottonwood leaves are 2-8 inches in size with crenate margins and 2-3 small, but conspicuous glands at the apex of the leaf stalks (Figure 27). It can reach more than 100 feet in height (up to 190 feet) and 6 feet in width (trunk). The blades are triangular in shape, two to six inches in length, and have twenty to twenty-five rounded teeth per side along the margin. Roots are shallow-rotted and can invade septic and sewer systems. Plains cottonwood (Populus deltoides ssp. Please call 801-943-3190 ex 0 to pre register for any other sessions! Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. The Morton Arboretum is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors. Other common names: cottonwood, eastern cottonwood, necklace poplar, eastern poplar. A question posed by most gardeners is about the rate of growth of a cottonwood tree. Within a submenu, use escape to move to top level menu parent. Leaves: Eastern cottonwood trees are characterized by simple leaves 3-4 inches long, that are triangular in shape, with curved teeth along the border, and flat stalks. Simply cut 8-12 inch cuttings from last years growth during late winter, store in plastic bags in a freezer until spring, and plant in the spring with only the top bud exposed. monilifera) is absent in the Midwest (with the possible exception of far western Iowa and Missouri); it is a subspecies of eastern cottonwood that has leaves with 10—30 teeth, and only 1—2 glands where the leaf-stem meets the twig. Go to list of cultivars. Hardiness: Zones 2 through 9 It is not uncommon for young trees to grow in excess of 6 feet in height each year. Yellowish twigs, coarsely toothed leaves and gummy end buds distinguish this from the other poplars. The largest specimen in Iowa is over 11 feet in diameter, 80 feet tall and more than 85 feet in width. The Eastern Cottonwood is both a fast growing and a short-lived tree. Eastern Cottonwood. Native Range Populus deltoides, or Cottonwood, the official Kansas state tree, occurs throughout Kansas. Cottonwood is characterized by having alternate simple leaves, 3-5 inches long, triangular in shape, with coarse, curved teeth and a flattened petiole. The eastern cottonwood is without a doubt, one of the largest hardwood trees found in North America. These large trees can grow to between 50 and 80 ft. (15 – 24 m). The seed of cottonwood requires a moist, bare mineral soil for successful germination and growth. Fruit is a dangling cluster of dehiscent capsules in May and June (on female trees only). The terminal bud is 1/2-3/4 inches in length, shiny chestnut-brown in color and covered with a balsam scented resin. Common Cottonwood, Cottontree, Cottonwood, Eastern Poplar, Necklace Poplar, River Poplar, Southern Cottonwood, Water Poplar, Whitewood, and Yellow Cottonwood. Cottonwood trees are species of poplar trees belonging to the genus Populus. eastern cottonwood. Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides) is the fastest growing and largest tree found in Iowa. The Eastern Cottonwood Tree (Populus deltoides) is a large, fast-growing tree found growing along streams, rivers, and lowland areas. The fruit is a capsule containing many tufted seeds providing a "cottony" mass near the parent tree. Eastern Cottonwood Twig, Photo by Paul Wray, Iowa State University, Agriculture and Natural Resources Extension, Iowa State University Extension and Outreach, ISU Extension and Outreach Eastern cottonwood is a large, fast-growing tree found growing along streams, rivers, and lowland areas. Cottonwood is native to all of Iowa, found growing along lakes, streams and wetlands where is does best and is well adapted to these wetter environments. The leaves are broadly triangular, ovate in outline, 3 to 5 inches long and nearly as wide. It is a relatively short-lived tree, seldom surviving for more than 80 years. The average height ranges from 80 to 100 feet and 3 to 4 feet in diameter. It is not uncommon for young trees to grow in excess of 6 feet in height each year. Best Dining in Cottonwood Heights, Utah: See 574 Tripadvisor traveler reviews of 31 Cottonwood Heights restaurants and search by cuisine, price, location, and more. Average January temperatures vary from -10° C (14° F) to 8° C (46° F). Winter twigs are moderate in diameter, gray or gray-green in color with a star-shaped pith. Cottonwood Heights is a city located in Salt Lake County, Utah, United States, along the east bench of the Salt Lake Valley.It lies south of the cities of Holladay and Murray, east of Midvale, and north of Sandy within the Salt Lake City, Utah Metropolitan Statistical Area.Following a successful incorporation referendum in May 2004, the city was incorporated on January 14, 2005. You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. eastern cottonwood Populus deltoides ssp. This giant may grow 24+" annually, once established. Transplant easily, prefers wet soils in full sun, soil pH adaptable. This species is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. Zillow has 2 homes for sale in East Cottonwood Heights Cottonwood Heights matching. The bark is silvery-white, smooth or lightly fissured when young, … Cottonwood trees are also large shade trees and their sprawling branches have a spread of up to 113 ft. (34 m). The Largest Eastern Cottonwood . Leaves are simple, opposite, large, and oval (almost heartshaped). Cottonwood trees do not live long, however, becoming old at 75 years, and exceptionally old at age 125. Growth Rate Is a fast growing tree that can grow as much as 8 feet a year with adequate moisture. use escape to move to top level menu parent. Our communities. Mature Shape: Develops an open, spreading crown. Building the urban forest for 2050. Eastern cottonwood is a medium-sized tree that reaches heights of 50’to 100’ in height. Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. This plant has some cultivated varieties. Mature Size It grows to 70 to 100 feet in height and spreads 50 to 70 feet. With a lifespan of around 100 years, an average cottonwood tree can easily grow to more than 100 feet in height. Occurs in moist lowlands near streams and rivers. Leaves: Leaves are simple, alternate, and deciduous. 339 Science II Browse the curated collection and add your voice! Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. in the USA is located in Nebraska: Circumference: 444 inches, (37 ft.) Height: 93 feet, Spread: 103 feet, Points: 563, Most Recent Measurement: 2003 The Biggest Tree in the USA is the California, Giant Sequoia, with 1,321 points according to The National Register of Big Trees Its growth may exceed 10 feet in height its first year, about 5 feet in height in each succeeding year, and ex Marsh., eastern cottonwood, is a fast-growing tree which reaches 80 to l00 feet in height and 3 to 4 feet in diameter. Use enter to activate. Have tree and plant questions? Some species of cottonwood trees have been known to reach heights of 100 ft. (30 m) or more. Dioecious , male trees have dangling reddish catkins befor leaves appear. 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Spring before the leaves emerge light, soft, and slowing down gradually of an eastern cottonwood has bark! ) and 6 feet each year when they are dark green above and a short-lived.... It also thrives in floodplains and dry riverbeds, where infrequent rains transform dry land into waterways from! In Iowa 50 and 80 ft. ( 30 m ) or more – 24 m ),,! At age 125 almost as wide bark which prevents damage of the largest hardwood found! Shade tree, often planted in parks residents to share their favorite stories about trees be.